Opinion: Can Mahogany Survive Zambia’s Volatile Aviation Sector?

Since 1995 when Zambia Airways ceased operations, the country has struggled to establish another national carrier, or let alone sustain private entities that have along the way emerged to cover the gap.

The flagship carrier was trapped in a financial swamp and failed to extricate itself, leading to the collapse of what was one of the country’s national pride.

During the 2011 presidential campaigns, Patriotic Front founder, Michael Sata pledged to restore Zambia’s aviation dignity with a national airline. He died three years after assuming office. His promise is still not a reality, six years after the party assumed power.

Successive ministers in the PF government have pronounced a cliche “a national airline is in the pipeline”, but Zambians are yet to see the return to that national prestige.

Over the last 22 years, private individuals have attempted to put up some form of airline, servicing domestic, and to some extent regional routes like South Africa, Tanzania and Namibia.

Roan Air was among the first carriers to attempt to fill the gap, but went under before even reaching teething level. There is no doubt Prolight Zambia has outstandingly performed well by bracing the challenging field, clocking 26 years of experience.

Having launched four years before the demise of Zambia’s national carrier, Proflight stepped in for the country when the chips were down. The company has expanded its fleet to 17 aeroplanes and services a variety of domestic routes from Lusaka to Livingstone, Mfuwe, Lower Zambezi, Ndola, Solwezi and Kasama.

Proflight has limited regional routes which are Lusaka to Lilongwe in Malawi and Lusaka to Durban, South Africa. The carrier operates a 50-seater Bombardier CRJ-100 jet, four 29-seater Jetstream 41 aircraft; two 18-seater Jetstream 32; and two 12-seater Cessna Caravan C208 aircraft, among others.

In its 26 year-existence, Proflight has outlived newcomers like Zambian Airways and Zambezi Airlines. Both carriers arrived on the scene with heavy political backing, but suffocated under the weight of operational costs.

Zambian Airways owners had strong connections to the political elite of their time. Big names in lawyers Mutembo Nchito, his brother Nchima and media practitioner Fred M’membe were the brains behind the company, but it collapsed.

Following Zambian Airways’ demise after it succumbed to massive debts, another airline – Zambezi – emerged. The airline was under the stewardship of the Jangulos, but its survival was equally short-lived.

A change in government from MMD to the Patriotic Front mean the end of business for Zambezi Airlines, a development that stregthens the argument only politically connected airlines survive the aviation industry in Zambia.

Recently, an airline going by Mahogany has emerged on the scene, although its ownership structure and political connection is yet to be established. However, Mahogany seems to be making the right noise. It is difficult to determine whether the company will survive the volatility of the aviation sector in the country.

Having launched its services three years ago, servicing routes between Lusaka and Ndola, Lusaka and Chipata, Livingstone and Solwezi, Mahogany has already suffered signs of uncertainty.

One is tempted to think it is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle than for an airline business to survive the Zambian market. That’s too much of a though, but anything is possible in Zambia.

Zambezi, Zambian Airways and Mahogany Airlines have had the fair share of challenges. But here we are. Mahogany Air is announcing its comeback.

Already, it has sent staff for further training in South Africa and other mechanisms are in place in make the airline sustainable. Will it survive? That’s a million dollar question.

Reports suggest Mahogany Air injected over $23million to organise capitalisation and better aircrafts. After a two year absence, Mahogany wants to be sure, so they have gone beyond Zambia for capital. The airline could not raise funding in the Zambian markets owing to turbulent climate and high interest rates at the time, according to Chief Executive Office Dr. Jim Belemu said.

According to the plan, Mahogany will capitalise an initial $3 million this year followed by an additional $10 million each for 2018 and 2019 cumulating the total to $23 million.

As a result of this capitalisation, Mahogany hopes to put up strong competition against Proflight and Royal Air Charters.

To the Zambian populace, the return of Mahogany is good news. Some 100 citizens will be employed and another 200 may be indirect beneficiaries from the development.

Mahogany is trying to be careful and avoid their turbulent experience. Shortly after launching operations, the company suffered some set back. Two of its 30 seater Embraer aircrafts were withdrawn by South African owners in connection to non-payment of leasing fees.

An attempt to immediately deal with the challenge by securing a 17 seater Beechcraft 1900D was met with its own setbacks; operations stalled after a routine check and maintenance left the company with no airline to service its routes.

Clearly, the terrain in the aviation industry in Zambia is not for the faint-hearted. The high parking fees have not helped operators.

Further, Zambia’s jet fuel is very high compared to others in the region and to some extent this has made it difficult for the country to run or host as many successful airlines.

Whether Mahogany has the muscle to withstand the aviation terrain in Zambia, their emergence on the scene should be supported and welcomed by all well-meaning Zambians, including the government.

If Zambia will not have an airline in the foreseeable future, it is the governmnet’s responsibility to promote and help sustain private entities that emerge, to fill the gap that should otherwise be theirs to cover.

Deliberate policies to ease operational challenges are an important ingredient to sustaining difficult fields such as the aviation industry in Zambia.


  1. Umukankala

    How much is an air ticket between Lusaka an d Solwezi?

  2. Chitamawe

    Water bodies pa Zed cnt sustain water transport being wat Zambian water bodies r bt 4 air transport, Zed has enough air space. Let us support air transport. Viva Mahogany!!!

  3. Ian

    With perseverance they can. We just need no political interference.. Or confusion

  4. Helper

    What about from lusaka to Livingstone how much is a ticket?

  5. Mbuya one.

    Comment:we need some more aviation operators.

  6. justine smith


  7. CLAUD

    We dnt need any political confusion Mahogany will stand tall VIVA mahogany

  8. man

    Comment: That’s good news pa z.

  9. back guy

    We prices

  10. pc soldier

    mahogany mining company or earth movers ba Kenny balilya money

  11. nicolas


  12. nicolas

    Awe maybe this one will last longer.

  13. Sammy

    Surely our country Zambia has resources, but some people that are responsible There hands are too long. They don’t even think of kind of their young once would experience. You “ALL TO ME”people should stop it and think about live of young children. Aaaaaah! Vanikafya maningi!

  14. bkm

    There was Aero Zambia as well shortly after Zambia Airways.

  15. wheels

    just come up with the flag carrier we need it is it your money

  16. Ir0nman

    Zambia not matured for air transport remember the 1993 garbon air disaster where we lost our national futu ball team,much shoddy work is food for zambians.i wudnt love a situation were peaplez lives r endangerd.

  17. lameck



    Comment Volatile aviation sector

  19. Peter

    Yes out country has so many natural resources but they don’t have brains to use those resources.


    Viva mohogany

  21. c5 indke

    ba zambian’s

  22. Luwale malaila

    You are tryning to do a very fantastic thing mr. belemu…we are behind you sir. I have always dreamt of becoming a pilot. Please revamp our aviation industry.

  23. Native

    There is also the indigenous proverbial “air mukwai” whose “planes” reportedly use neither fossil nor renewable fuels? Has that type of transportation been exhaustibly explored commercially? Apparently “air mukwai” is hardly affected by any known economic shocks. It’s usually only in “zambia the real africa” where routine business operations fail owing to mere national business attitude “stupidity”. ZESCO is struggling because of stupid political interference and contamination despite monopolizing the electric power generation, transmission and distribution sectors. Mulungushi textiles has failed despite all the AGOA “opportunity” existing since Bill Clinton signed the bill. Zambia Railways and TAZARA bring little to smile about despite all the bulk copper produced in zambia but deliberately transported on roads because most politicians have road trucking “interests”. Maize grain is exported raw as opposed to milling it as a secondary job creation process. Even where farmers run their farming as a business they are politically made to incur commercial loss in the name of national food “security”. It is ok for ZESCO to hike tariffs but not ok for farmers to get economical prices for their maize grain. It is political leadership that is poor leading to poor fiscal economic policy formulation and implementation. Pro-flight has tried to steer clear of political affiliation hence the relative non-interference by politicians.

  24. kaps

    Let the govt reduce on parking fee a and also the fuel price,we need to start preparation the extension of the airport s completing in two years time

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