EXPOSÉ: Foundation of UPND Based on a Fraud – Documents Reveal How Anderson Mazoka Stole the Party from Original Founders

Just this past December, Zambia’s main opposition party, the United Party for National Development (UPND), celebrated its 20th birthday. However, according to rare new documents obtained by Zambia Reports and shared for the first time publicly below, the foundation of the party itself is mired in controversy, fraud, and deception.

Many observers and historians have taken it for granted that when UPND was founded in 1998, it was founded by the late party president Anderson Mazoka, a prominent businessman who nearly defeated President Levy Mwanawasa in the 2001 elections. In fact, the myth of Mazoka’s foundation of the party, his supposed vision united the membership, and the immense weight of his legacy has been played up and practically canonized by the current party leadership. The only problem? It appears to be based on a lie.

How to Steal a Political Party:

According to documents recently obtained, the United Party for National Development (UPND) was not founded by Mazoka.

According to these documents founders state that the party was established on a broad and all-inclusive spectrum, but over the years narrowed its focus and strength to one province.

An invitation for Mazoka was offered by a group of its founders who met at the Lusaka Showgrounds on December 7, 1998.

The first UPND chairman Justin Mweene, secretary Greyson Ndhlovu and trustee Patrick Banda, signed the minutes of the first meeting that resolved to invite Mazoka as president.

A letter dated December 8, 1998 signed by Justine Mweene officially extended an invitation to Mazoka to assume the party presidency.

“The Executive Committee of the United Party for National Development held it’s first meeting on Monday the 7th December 1998, at Secretariat, Show Ground. It was resolved that we write and invite you to lead the party as it’s Presidency,” Mweene’s letter reads.

Mazoka was also advised to respond to the correspondence and invitation in the quickest possible time.

A month later, Mazoka had not responded prompting a follow request from within the committee.

And that follow up letter by committee member Greyson Ndhlovu was written to Mweene, the chairperson of the Executive Committee, requesting Mazoka’s response.

“We write to request the Committee Chairman for submission of a reply as reference above for the confirmation of the resolutions passed at our meeting and consider the same for endorsement of Mr A. Mazoka’s adoption as party president.

“We therefore request you sir, to furnish this Committee with the relevant information within 7 days from date of receipt of this letter,” Ndhlovu’s letter of January 14 to Mweene reads.

That correspondence, according to one of the UPND founders Maxwell Lufungulwa, did not get any feed back from Mazoka who later, albeit deviously, sprung up as the founder of the party.

The first meeting that mooted the UPND structure included Mweene, Ndhlovu, Patrick Mweene (Co-secretary), Lufungulwa, Patrick Banda (trustee), Andrew Nshamba, Mathias K. Mwanai, Lawrence Muyunda (Security).

The meeting also resolved that upon acceptance of the party leadership, Mazoka was charged with the responsibility of appointing the National Executive Committee.

The documents reveal that the structure of the UPND was also decided and established through provincial district constituencies and ward organs.

Although the founding executive committee gave express guidelines to Mazoka as to the structure, its founders were not in the picture when the opposition party picked up.


Why This Matters Now?

After failing to win the past five presidential elections, current UPND President Hakainde Hichilema appears to be seeking yet another chance (possibly his last chance?) to seize power. He will likely become the party’s candidate for the sixth time in a row despite – amazingly – never having been elected with the express approval of the party’s general membership by standard party convention procedure.

Since being imposed on the general membership in 2006 following the death of Mazoka, Hichilema has driven the opposition party as the author and finisher of its being.
Early stalwarts who tagged along Mazoka in the likes of Dr John Mulwila, Sakwiba Sikota, Patrick Chisanga and Bob Sichinga, among others have all jumped shipped. They were either forced out or opted to seek other avenues that presented better democratic participation.

Their biggest crime – seeking to assume leadership of the party. The only criteria they did not meet was they were not from the same region as Mazoka.

Calls for a convention within and outside UPND, which should ordinarily be held every five years, are often met with bitter resistance. Anyone who emerges to challenge Hichilema is unceremoniously shown the exit door.

Hichilema was not the presumptive leader after Anderson Mazoka. The likes of Sakwiba and Chisanga were frustrated out of contesting the poll; therefore, could not assume party leadership.

But it seems the UPND is wedded to its way of deceptive operation. Like Mazoka, Hichilema were not the torch bearers of what the opposition political party should have looked like.

In 1998, Mazoka was invited to steer the ship. He did not acknowledge the invitation but went behind the founders of the party to take total control and changed the course of operation.

Since its founding, the UPND has taken the character of a provincial party leaning largely towards Southern Province where both of its leaders hail.

Mazoka and Hichilema are both from Southern Province and from the early days of the party engineered its vision and direction with the latter forming the backbone of its backroom financial backers between 1999 and 2006 when he was installed as flag bearer.

With the 2021 elections fast approaching Hichilema and his leadership are not entertaining any calls for a convention meaning the opposition candidate would be seeking national office for the sixth time without official approval from his party.

Instead Hichilema has focused on forming a 10 party opposition alliance where he is expected to impose himself as leader to challenge President Edgar Lungu.

But given this troubled history of deception and rejection of democratic consensus, will HH be able to earn anyone’s trust this last time?

We shall see.


[Editor’s note: We are proud to launch our new “EXPOSÉS” channel on Zambia Reports, which will feature deeper investigative reporting and document leaks from our news team. If you have leaks, story ideas, or tips, please get in touch with us at editor@zambiareports.com.]



    Mr Chris, My Brother ZAMBIA IS BIGGER THAN HH OR LUNGU, and Zambia is Bigger than Your Article “CHRIS”, and Zambia Is Bigger Than Zambia Reports Media. So Let as Learn to live by the Wisdom Of Peace. MoreOver HISTORY is’t Going to Do Zambia’s any Harm at this Time and in this Kind of Governance You Understand. Money Making must continue yes But in a Decent way and not in a Desintful way. thank You Brother Bunkutwe Here.

    • Mavuto

      If Tara “The Hero Cat”, or Zatara rescue a human being attached by a dog. Surely as human beings we need to raise to the occasion. Look at what happening in Sudan, Somalia, DRC, Zimbabwe, Syria …
      Tara is a female tabby cat living in California, who rescued her family’s child from being attacked by a neighbor’s dog. The moment was recorded on household surveillance. The footage uploaded on YouTube received over 16.8 million views in the first 48 hours.
      Come on man!
      Watch “Cat Saves Boy From Dog FULL COMPLETE VIDEO” on YouTube

    • Chendabusiku

      “Without history the Future has nothing” Wise people embrace history because it feeds the future. People need to know all these aspects of our political history. Knowledge is power, it helps us to make informed decisions. What you should have been arguing about are the merits or facts about the article not just to dismiss it without discussing the facts about it.

  2. Sylvester Moomba

    This kind of mediocrity is a clear indicater that someone is so desperate to bring confusion because the party U. P.N.D is a threat to other major parties. If the founder members never complained for 20 year what is the benefit of this nosence report.

  3. Respect is needed

    The history of the party has nothing to do with the current challenges us citizen are going through.you want money but work to earn money through a right way than rebellion stop this nonsense you are posting to defamate HH form your own party to post nonses be a moral grounded person than this rubbish you are posting imbwa iwe

  4. easterners

    Very stupid u maggot you can’t post such nonsense find another way to make Money u want to confuse the nation




    Mmmmmm you are really afraid of UPND aini

    • Norman Chipakupaku

      Why is Zambia Report and your fellow Muppets so petty? Which Zambian cares who actually formed the UPND? Most Zambians don’t even know formed UNiP but they appreciate what Dr Kaunda’s government did for Zambia and Africa.

      You want claim that HH was never elected by UPND members, but ignore the fact ECL was never elected by PF members. In fact PF has no membership to be able to elect it’s leaders- hence the chaos Zambians were subjected to in 2015. ECL was imposed on Zambians by corrupt Judges who signed injunction papers at mid night- just to be rewarded as ConCourt Judges.

      Like it or not HH will be President of Zambia one-day. In fact Zambians all know that, the man was denied victory by your corrupt ConCourt Judges and the Malawians leading the ECZ.

      • Bk

        hh was not elected by any member of Upnd but it was this for Tongas only Ask Chisanga and Skwiba Sikota

  7. TOP G

    Not inspiring at all. This is shit than what you leave in the toilet…

  8. Tefyo

    This is not making any sense at all. Even if the conversion had to come in upnd hh will still be the Victor. How many time did sata tried before winning, no one talks about it

  9. Leader

    Try to love other people before u judge them no matter how much u don’t like them. Otherwise you will make a lot miss judgments foolishly

  10. Abashitina

    Ulicipuba Na article yobe,do you think we are going to earn our living through your rabish history? We are not interested with your history, HH is our party President.


    upnd its a father and son company wamuyayaya hh wamuyayaya wamuyayaya 2021,2026,2031….. is going to stand. so dont waist your time to talk about convention in upnd ni campany ya wuuso

  12. Augustine mwiinga


  13. Hero Boy.

    OUT OF ALL THINGS HAPPENING YOU ONLY CHOSE THIS ONE.IT REALLY SHOWS THAT YOU ARE MAD,WHY CAN’T you go out there and collect development news not this.you must even delete it.

  14. Osei


    • Kelly

      Nice attempt to discredit upnd and malign HH, but Poor Finish…no effect, try again

  15. Goodman lombe

    Yaba bayamba yopa ? just field a strong candidate PHD tactics won’t work.
    Let them just meet at the ballot we see whom the Zambian people want .Only the devil uses such tricks.

    • Bk

      Partly Hijackers No Wonder the Party has become Private Come belonging to one region

  16. Kamata

    The truth hurts you guys ai?

  17. infidels Baghdad Zulu

    Cheap Journalism!

  18. Ngolofwana

    People of Zambia have already made up their minds to vote for HH come 2021 election you are just wasting your energy and resources bakadila yimwe!

  19. Lisa

    Pf mu chibe! Zambians are with the church.

  20. Majoni Tyson

    These fake investigations are counter productive and have nothing to change our mind. Why watch ourselves drowning instead of jumping out. We are just tired of PF which has brought nothing but hunger, joblessness, higher taxes and many more, hence telling us about fake stories will not make us cling to all these miseries. PF is going out without doubt becoz it has made this country like a hell, really Zambia has become a hell on earth, surviving is only by chance.

  21. Winner

    Known your history and you will make the right decisions, now we are enlightened.

  22. Love your neighbor

    With this kind of shallow minded reporting Ba ZR you are not doing any good to the nation, instead you are sowing hatred between the tribes of this country, especially where you are fast at pointing to other tribes, please report development & show the relevant authorities how some people are suffering in rural areas, if people don’t want HH they will reject him through the ballot paper, even Lungu can be rejected if people don’t want him, even Kambwili.

  23. Mmj

    one zambia one nation forever United we stand. .divided we fall God help zambia

  24. One Zambia one Nation

    Let’s wait and see

  25. James Badoo

    Did Kaunda steal UNIP? Has Kambwili stolen the party that is canvassing for his leadership? and many more. people see who they feel, can lead and have the same interest and they invite them to be their leaders. So what’s the big deal. Cheap politics.

  26. Ba Mwaata

    Hhhhhhhh….kanshi efyo yali…hhhh…no wonder why these pipo are full of froud ..hhhhh…Tongas hhhhh aweee…good we know than stay without knowing this truth…!!

  27. eventina

    Pushing ma votes.my friend you are just wasting your time and don’t dare.you are later.

  28. Friday nkole

    Let’s wait and see,Tomorrow you will cry and runing away.

  29. Barotseland

    It seems this useless stupid writer has been given money by Poor Fools party to write rubbish about UPND .Forward with Upnd

  30. Pelekelo

    So what?


    PF cardre u’ll not succeed in casing urself lyk this.

  32. Muvado

    That article has nothing to do with our suffering you PF cader we have already made up our mind we are going to vote for HH no matter what

  33. Truth man

    Weak minds talk about personalities instead of real serious matters like the Economy of the country and how it can be improved. After all even MMD was formed by Arthur Wina and the Presidency was hijacked by Chiluba at Mulungushi conference centre in Lusaka on tribal lines.But what does it help to talk about it now after all what people wanted was to remove the oppressive UNIP from power at that time.So the writer of the article is a tribalist whose agenda is to see domination of political players from certain tribes and certainly not from southern ,western or north western provinces. He must realise that a President is just a human being who can come from any province in Zambia.

    • Muvado

      Absolutely my brother true man this chap he just what to dived us

  34. yonyeka

    Comment pf 4 lyf my dear,it xyz

  35. Fisunge

    Sometimes we just have to see that Jesus Christ just fall three times and he was there at Calvary that’s a serious example if you have fallen three times and you have failed to Calvary then you’re not a Victor going up to the sixth one will never help him to rise what our friends from the southern hemisphere think that it’s wise to fail six times will be disappointed in ,2026, when winter will b president and myself vice President for now it’s pf come 2021 OK?ends here

  36. Dr Fonicks

    The authors of the article lacks merit. I am not upnd but issues raised are not done in good faith. what has the founding of upnd got to do with our current political woes ? please leave hh and upnd alone. What is your motive behind this revelations? as a Democrat, I don’t support this. It clearly shows that the writer is anti-upnd. dont bring articles that disgrace or degrade political parties which you detest. why can’t you talk about another party whose majority of the founding members now look like outsiders. The author may be needs political education. baleke fye abene ba upnd and their hh. whoever supported you in that article is a dunderhead.

    • Mk

      Dr Fonicks you are right. The writer lacks political ideas therefore he can’t be a political analyst. Unip was formed when KK was in prison, he became it’s leader, mazoka was invited to UPND and even ECL just joined PF now is leading it. Founding and leading are two different things. Think Mr Writer.

  37. Mk

    The headline is misleading. Mazoka did NOT STOLE the party acording to what you have written yourself. He was INVITED to be president. Mr Writer, Mazoka was not like the current breed of politicians both in ruling and opposition . He was a genius thats why those who formed the party called him coz they knew that no was fit to be president of UPND at that time. So he did not steal the party.

  38. CKK6-75MF

    The first National executive committee of Justine MWEENE who formed upnd on 20 November 1998 invited Mazoka to lead the party, that was on 7 December 1998. After taking over the upnd leadership, Mazoka started appointing other people leaving the founders completely. 2001 upnd national executive committee is different from it’s origin and since then, all organs of the party have never gone in to election apart from one when Mazoka died which is also not in line with its founders. This can sure raise a lot of questions. From branch to National executive committee no one is elected just appoint and disappoint happen anyhow. How can you lead a big organization like that. Nga mwalusa at naba twibila kanshi chaba my mulopa wenu ukwibla abantu no kwibila kumo no wapangile ichipani. You are paying for the sins commited against Justine MWEENE and his group. Love your friend as you love yourself.

  39. John

    Even if mazoka is not the founder of UPND does it matter? I learn one thing from your article mr presenter: the founders saw something in Mazoka that led them to appoint him and they themselves are not complaining meaning they are still satisfied with the current leadership

  40. Lukonde

    Documents reveal how Anderson mazoka stole the party from original founders. Then u go on to say mazoka was invited to b the party president. What the fuck are u Talkin about

  41. Chendabusiku

    Armed with this information, there is no way I can put my vote on UPND that is my democratic right.

  42. Huawei

    I don’t see anything wrong with the documents but I definitely see something wrong with the editor who authorized the article and person who wrote it.

  43. HOMMIE 24

    this is rediculous: how on earth is this dumbass article going to help improve our sick economy. this chris phiri is a dick head

  44. Mulenga Joseph Songwe

    Am busy reading comments from UPND followers,
    they have tortured minds from the report on social media.
    Politics my dear, its a dead game only fools condons this game because it’s full of insults.

  45. Black man

    We still need them.

  46. Bk

    Paipa Piano Na party WAKUBA!!!

  47. Kings

    Now Is It A Surprise To You? Thats How Clever Mazoka Was, Does It Affact Us Zambians? Thats How Politics Is All About, Ubucenjeshi, Nga Wapwalala Bakunyunya, All We Want Is Peace In Our Nation, History Yes, But Whats Your Aim For Your Upnd History? Nonsanse.

  48. Madiba

    So what,who did you want them to invite to lead the party,who are the founders of MMD,who are the founders of PF?ho h many are still in PF, this is a useless article.

  49. Mate

    What to know is that they don’t forget were you are coming from, History is important it just depends on how you believe and how you can take it to your self, moreover history is power to everyone ..

  50. Briven

    Whether you have truth in that, I don’t know, but I won’t care….on the contrary, I think the truth you should have been searching now are the malpractices that transpired during the recent past election, e.g. what made some named polling centres to have the number of votes cast overshoot the total number of registered voters because those are such things that have bearing directly on status of our country. If, for whatsoever reason, need be, to track the background of a political party or its leader, it must be those parties have ruled that should come first…I’m not very sure the kind of person to whom I’m writing this, so I will cut my message in case I might just be wasting time talking one who doesn’t understand situations.

  51. Briven

    Whether you have truth in that, I don’t know, but I won’t care….on the contrary, I think the truth you should have been searching for now are the malpractices that transpired during the recent past election, e.g. what made some named polling centres to have the number of votes cast overshoot the total number of registered voters because those are such things that have a bearing directly on the status of our country. If, for whatsoever reason, need be, to track the background of a political party or its leader, it must be those parties that have ruled that should come first…I’m not very sure the kind of person to whom I’m writing this, so I will cut my message in case I might just be wasting time talking to one who doesn’t understand situations.

  52. BK


  53. Jms

    Chris Phiri you have written quite okay but see no
    matter what you say of do what matters is that we need the promise by the party and end it where ever the headquarter is thats were the roots are although its an equmblium

  54. Jms

    Chris Phiri you have written quite okay but see no
    matter what you say of do what matters is that we need the promise by the party and end it where ever the headquarter is thats were the roots are although its an equmblium party which is consisting of various people among all Zambian tribes this is a party which is trying to bring equality in the whole country weather rich or poor without neglecting any colour

  55. Bonzo

    Aba bantu bakwishilya teti bateke bakonaule chalo chesu, mukashala muli mwamoneni balibipe mitima niba capricorn.

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